The Tiber River divided the two tribes populating the hills of Umbria: the Etruscans on the West and the Umbri on the East. Between these two, the Umbri were the first to settle in here, as far back as 1000 BC and they are the ones where the name of the region derives from.
Gubbio was an important town of the ancient Umbrian people in pre-Roman times, made famous for the discovery there of the Eugubine Tables, a set of bronze tablets that together constitute the largest surviving text in ancient Umbrian.
Rome eventually conquered both tribes and their lands fell under its rule, but the real economic and cultural decline was to come after the fall of Roman Empire, with the invasions of barbarians. This is the moment when the Umbrians retreated to fortified medieval hill towns, Gubbio being one of them.
Just as in Gubbio, the medieval hearts of most Umbrian towns are preserved to this day, as the Renaissance didn’t flourish here like it did in neighbouring Tuscany.
We saw Gubbio with our own eyes on a rainy day and indeed, the city still retains much of its medieval legacy. Here are some photos: